Belgaum Goshala

Cow

ISKCON Belgaum with the blessed guidance of H.H.Bhakti Rasamrita Swami Maharaja protects cows at The Gokulananda goshala. It has two Goshalas. One is situated close to temple at Belgaum and the other at Gokuldham.

 

History of Gokulananda Goshala

With of closure of ISKCON farm at Daund(175 km from Pune city), a herd of 13 cows,calves & Bullocks were transferred to Belgaum. The herd comprised of 11 cows & calves of Tharparkar breed and two bullocks of Dangi breed. Later in the year 2002-03 another Tharparkar cow and calf and two breeding bulls were added to herd brought from Jaipur,Rajasthan. In the year 2004 the whole herd was shifted to Gokuldham. For the first three years they were housed in thatched bamboo structres. In the year 2007 they were provided with pucca goshala with Laterite stones & lime with tiled roof. In 2010 a Goshala was started along with the temple with Deoni cows procured from NDRI Bangalore

Now there are a total of 50 cattle comprising of about 6 Indian breeds of cattle namely Tharparkar, Deoni, Dangi, Khilar, Thiruvilwamala dwarf and Hallikar.

This goshala is run on the natural principle that a grazing land is an indispensable element in cow protection and that protecting the grazing land alone will ensure the food, shelter and perhaps all requirements for our cows.

 

Gokuldham-The project aim

Gokuldham is envisioned to help arrest the destructive modern civilization, with its thrust on maximizing worldly pleasure. This has simply intensified the struggle for existence, leaving very little time,energy and inclination for people to pursue self realization,which is the goal of human life. This rural project is an attempt to build community in harmony with nature on the principles of “Simple living and High thinking”. This project is spread over a few hundred acres, next to a wild life sanctuary about 40 km outside of Belgaum city. The center of this agricultural village will be Lord Krishna.

This means that the ultimate goal of all activities there will be to please the Supreme Personality of Godhead Sri Krishna and to develop love for him. Lord Krishna practically demonstrated the importance of protection and utilization of the cow as well as her progeny on this earth.

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Following this aspect of the Lord’s teachings, Gokuldham will be based on cow protection and agriculture. The economic needs of the community will be met by taking to as an ideal ISKCON Founder Acarya His Divine grace A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada’s simple yet profound articulation of the principle of self sufficiency:

“Use only what you produce and produce only what you need”

Therefore “Gokuldham” will avoid the use of electricity, cement, steel, plastic, modern house hold gadgets like TV, Radio, Telephone, Electrical motors & Pumps, Motorized vehicles, etc. Instead we will attempt to receive various forms of traditional technologies to meet our simple needs.

At Gokuldham the cows are to look for their own food and serve themselves, not we serving them. Cattle do not need to be forced to like or eat grass; they will easily feed themselves until we determine when they should be moved to fresh pasture or when they start looking for fresh pasture. The only costs and labour involved in grazing cattle is maintaining fences and turning cattle out to fresh pasture. The fencing process has set in. A total length of 9 km is to be fenced to provide the expected protection.

The medical care is ensured with the presence of a resident Veterinarian and their day to day care is ensured by skilled and devoted Go Sevaks.

The Goshala stands unique as it provides the cows:

  • Free access to fodder (4.1.0.39 AtharvaVeda 12-4-39 Pastures should have free access 12 -4-39 Barriers in pastures angers the cows, the milk from such cows is      likened to poison)
  •  Free access to water
  •  Free access to companion
  •  Free mobility (4.1.0.53 Atharva Veda 12-4-53 Such a person and society that keeps its cows in confinement in their homes, suffer fall from grace of learned people and Gods. 4.1.0.28 AtharvaVeda 12-4-28 Stall-feeding is harmful)

In order to demonstrate the utility of bulls they are engaged in activities like:

  •  Ploughing the fields
  •  Transportation within the farm
  •  Land levelling works in the farm
  •  Animal driven water pumping application
  • Cow dung and urine are used for making various Medicines and cosmetic products and sold under the brand name Gokulananda Goshala products.

 

About the Breed of cows at Gokulananda Goshala

  • Tharparkar Breed: They were obtained from Daund Goshala in 2001. At present we have 22 Tharparkar cattle

tharparkar

Habitat : It is an important Dual purpose breed raised primarily for its milking potential. The name Tharparkar” has been derived from the place of origin –The Thar desert. The home tract of this breed is in the Tharparkar district of South east Sindh in Pakistan.

Characteristics of  the breed : Animals are white or grey in colour. In bulls neck,hump and hind quarters are also black. Ears are long, broad and pendulous and switch of tail is of black colour. Average body weight of 350 kg with an average milk yield of 6 litres

     

  • Deoni Breed : They were obtained from NDRI Bangalore in 2011. At present we have 8 Deoni cattle

deoni

Habitat : It is a dual purpose breed whose name has been derived from Deoni taluk of Latur district and mainly found in this Latur and the adjoining districts of Maharashtra.

Characteristics of  the breed : It is found in 3 colour variants viz. Wannera (Clear white with black colour at the sides of the face) Balankya (Clear white with black spots on the lower side of the body) and Shevera (White body with irregular black spots.). It resembles Gir in physical structure. The ears are long and open forwards but lack the leaf like structure and a notch at the tip of the ear specific for Gir.

     

  • Dangi Breed :  They were obtained from Daund Goshala in 2001. At present, we have 2 Dangi bullocks

dangi

Habitat : They have taken their name from Dangs tract in Maharashtra. Well known on account of its hardy nature and its ability to work hard under very rainfall conditions and on hilly tracts. It is a drought breed.

Characteristics of the Breed : They have broken red and white or black and white colour. The head is usually small with a slightly protruded fore head. The skin is of medium thickness and the coat is shiny because of an oily secretion which protects it from heavy rain.

     

  • Hallikar Breed  : We have 2 bullocks at present. Important drought breed of Karnataka

hallikar

Habitat : Native track is Mysore and surrounding southern Karnataka.

Characteristics of the Breed : Medium sized well built draft animal. Horns are narrow, long and slightly bend. Sharp small ears parallel to ground. Typical dark grey colour.

     
     
     

  • Thiruvilwamala Breed : We have 3 cattle obtained from Kerala in April 2013. Physically they look similar to Malanad Giddas of Karnataka and Vechur breed of Kerala

t breed

Habitat : This breed of cattle is seen only in the Thiruvilluamala mountain ranges adjacent to the famous Divya Ksetra Vilwadrinathan temple in  Trichur District of Kerala.

Characteristics of the breed : They are dwarf a variety with a shoulder height of 100cm. No study has been done on the genetic makeup of these cows. The skin is very soft and pliable.

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